Send photos and locations of sick/dying ʻōhiʻa: CLICK HERE TO REPORT!
ROD Symptoms in ʻōhiʻa trees = brown leaves attached
Rapid ʻŌhiʻa Death (ROD) Detections on Oʻahu (as of March 2022) CLICK HERE FOR UPDATED MAP
- Over 356 ʻōhiʻa trees have been sampled to test for the presence of ROD.
- Only nine (9) trees have tested positive for the less aggressive ROD fungus, Ceratocystis huliohia.
- Of the positive trees; 4 are residential locations, 5 are wildland locations.
- There have been no detections of the very aggressive species, Ceratocystis lukuohia on O’ahu.
What Should You Do To Prevent the Spread?
- Don’t injure ʻōhiʻa trees.
- Clean soil from shoes and tools and spray with 70% rubbing alcohol if can.
- Don’t move ʻōhiʻa logs or plant parts.
- Don’t transport ʻōhiʻa inter-island.
- Wash any vehicles/bikes that have been off-road with high pressure hose.
HOW TO COLLECT & SUBMIT ʻŌHIʻA SAMPLES TO TEST FOR ROD – for Land Managers and Conservation Field Staff
OISC and DOFAW are the primary organizations surveying and sampling for ROD on Oʻahu. We are limited with time and staff. Assistance from land managers and conservation field workers to collect samples from suspect trees is needed. Collecting samples from dead/dying ‘ōhiʻa trees is easy and we can show you how prepare your team to sample ʻōhiʻa suspect trees they may come across when working in the field.
We can “train the trainer”, showing you how to collect samples, properly decontaminate your tools and self, and proper way to submit your wood samples for testing. We sample at least once a month, so contact us via email to arrange your training: email@example.com.
Resources for land managers and field staff to collect & submit suspect ROD samples.
- ROD How to Collect Samples: Oahu Quick Guide
- Sample Submission Form: submit this form when dropping off your samples.
What is ROD?
Rapid ʻŌhiʻa Death (ROD) is a fungal pathogen new to science not ever seen before 2014. There are two (2) species of ROD:
- Ceratocystis lukuohia – VERY aggressive and rapid death as occurs in as little as two weeks.
- Ceratocystis huliohia – Less aggressive and death can take many months.
Quick Facts About ROD:
- Symptoms of ROD are dead or dying ʻōhiʻa trees with brown leaves still attached.
- Both species of ROD present the same symptoms: brown leaves on branches or entire tree.
- ROD fungus lived INSIDE the tree, you cannot see it on leaves, branches or flowers.
- ROD enters the ʻōhiʻa tree through a wound…do not injure ʻōhiʻa trees.
- If you see suspect ROD, send photos to OISC via email: firstname.lastname@example.org or text to: 808-286-4616.
- You can also always report using the free smartphone app: 643PEST
A variety of things can kill ʻōhiʻa trees and we canʻt know if itʻs ROD unless we get a sample of the wood from inside the tree. You cannot see ROD on leaves or branches…it grows inside the sapwood. This is where the tree moves water around. When the fungus plugs up the sapwood, no water can be moved and the leaves turn brown.
ʻŌhiʻa is the dominant canopy forest tree in the state with over 350 million trees across 800,000 on all the main Hawaiian islands. It is a keystone species, meaning itʻs integral to the ecosystem and the services they provide like clean water, water capture, as well as flood and erosion control. ʻŌhiʻa is also significant to Hawaiian culture and represented in numerous hula, moʻolelo, mele and oli. There are five species of ʻōhiʻa in Hawaiʻi. They are all endemic to our state, meaning they are found nowhere else in the world…and two of those five are endemic to Oʻahu island! You can see ʻōhiʻa in yards and in the forest.
For more details about ROD and ʻōhiʻa, visit: www.rapidohiadeath.org